Bengal has wealthy cultural historical past and a glorious beyond dates again to 3rd century BC. The region has been ruled by means of Mauryas, Guptas, Palas, the Muslims and sooner or later the British. Bengal is the delivery location of many amazing personalities, philosophers, scientists, patriots, and home to five Nobel laureates – Ronald Ross, Sir C.V. Raman, Rabindranath Tagore, Mother Teresa and Amartya Sen. During British imperialism, this vicinity turned into divided into provinces of West Bengal and East Bengal accompanied the coverage of “divide and rule” to slash the growing of countrywide motion in India. Present Bangladesh is the location of East Bengal and West Bengal is one of the 28th states of Indian Union.
West Bengal is bordered by using Nepal and Bangladesh and the states of Orissa, Jharkhand, Bihar, Sikkim, Assam, and Meghalaya in exceptional guidelines. From north to south, it stretches from Himalayan Mountain to the Gangetic plain and the Bay of Bengal. The land is normally plain except the northern location, which comes underneath the Himalayan mountain range. On the premise of landforms, the kingdom can be divided into the subsequent regions: Darjeeling Himalayan hill place, Terai region, North Bengal plains, Rarh location, Coastal simple, Sunderbans, Western plateau and excessive lands and Ganges delta.
The rebirth of Indian subculture has taken the region in this area of West Bengal which delivered a new bankruptcy within the evolution of Indian history as Bengal Renaissance. This location is the land of Subhash Chandra Bose, Rabindranath Tagore, Swami Vivekananda, Mother Teresa, Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy, Jagdish Chandra Basu, Dr. C. V. Raman, Satyendra Nath Basu, U. N. Bhramcharya, Meghnath Saha, G. D. Birla, Girendra Sekhar Basu, P. C. Mahalanabish, Sishir Kumar Mitra, Debendra Mohan Basu, Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, Kazi Nazrul Islam, Sarojini Naidu, Amartya Sen, Saurav Ganguly and lots of more. The lifestyle of Bengal is deep-rooted in its soil and is prominent via gala’s, music, cinema, drama, and literature. Festivals on a multidimensional scale are determined in spiritual ecstasy inside the kingdom mainly in the course of Durga Puja.
Bengalis are keen on Bharat (rice) and Machher jhol (fish curry). There is a huge variety of dishes and cuisines with sort of tastes. Most of the everyday Bengali candies have their beginning in traditional family kitchens. The maximum famous of all Bengali sweet is the rasogolla (a type of candy) that’s high-quality eaten chilled.
PLACES OF INTEREST
There are 3 distinct types of landscape in West Bengal. First is the Red Soil well-known for its wealthy coloration to the terracotta temple of Bishnupur, second is the Ganges Delta in lower Bengal wherein the Bengal tigers meander and the 0.33 is the captivating Rajera Hill Stations of Darjeeling and Kalimpong lies within the foothills of the Himalayas inside the northern part of West Bengal. Some of the well-known India Tours and tourist locations of West Bengal are Kolkata the capital of the country gives Birla Planetarium, Fort William, Botanical Garden, Zoological Garden, Eden Gardens, Nehru Children’s Museum, Howrah Bridge, Victoria Memorial, Indian Museum, Nakhoda Mosque, St. Paul’s Cathedral Church and Kali Mandir of Kalighat. Some other excursions are Digha, Diamond Harbor, Haldia, Barrackpore, Chandernagore, Bandel, Sunderban Wildlife Sanctuary and so forth. Darjeeling one of the most luxurious hill accommodations in the global with breathtaking splendor topped by using the majestic Himalayas. Siliguri the gateway of Eastern India as it’s far the main transit point for going to Darjeeling hill location, Sikkim, Bhutan, Eastern Nepal and Assam. Kurseong a quiet township among Siliguri and Darjeeling referred to for its secluded charm and Eagle’s Crag. Kalimpong secluded and tucked away within the corner underneath massive Darjeeling umbrella, offers a quiet and cozy excursion, in opposition to the backdrop of the Kanchenjunga. Mirik a nest within the hills, a protracted lake, a floating fountain and the distinction of Kanchenjungha meditated within the lake waters. Dooars Valley forms a gateway to the hill stations of North Bengal and Bhutan and famous for unending stretch of virgin forests. Lava instructions panoramic view of Jelep La and Recchi La passes, also the gateway to the Neora National Park. Lolay Gaon gives panoramic view of Kanchenjunga. The East Himalayas land of countless allure with scenic views of Kanchenjunga, bewildering greenery, tea gardens, journey spots, hiking and masses greater.
The coastal trip of West Bengal extending from the Gangetic delta land to the border of Orissa offers breathtaking and beautiful seashores of Digha, Shankarpur, Junput, Bakkhali, Frazergunj, and Sagardwip.
WILDLIFE OF BENGAL
West Bengal’s wild lifestyles offer a captivating variety of terrain, plant life and fauna. It is a satisfaction for nature fanatics. It is the house to the World Heritage Site – Sunderbans. Other predominant wildlife sanctuaries and parks are as under:
1. Neora Valley National Park
The Neora Valley National Park is placed in the Darjeeling district of West Bengal bordered on the east with the aid of Western Bhutan. The woodland of Neora Valley is one of the least tracts of the virgin desolate tract. Harbors a wealth of flowers and fauna.
2. Buxa National Park
The Buxa Tiger Reserve is placed in the north jap nook of West Bengal bordering Bhutan and Assam. It comprises of deciduous forests that are densely wooded and grasslands and is domestic to a number of West Bengal’s most various flora and fauna.
Three. Sunderban National Park
It is located in 24 Paraganas district, has been distinctive as a World Heritage Site in 1985 and is part of the Project Tiger.
4. Singalila National Park
This National Park is well-known for Rhododendron, Magnolia, Oak, Hemlock, Silver Fir, Juniper, Mailing Bamboo, Buk, Kawla, Bhujpatra, and many others. Fauna is leopard, serow, pangolin, elephant, chinkara takin, red panda, barking deer etc.
5. Gorumara National Park
Gorumara National Park is positioned inside the Dooars region of Jalpaiguri district in West Bengal famous for its herbal population of the Great Indian one horned Rhinoceros.
6. Jaldapara Wild Life Sanctuary
The sanctuary placed within the Mountains of Bhutan and the confluence of river Torsa and Malangi is the home of several wild lives like one-horned Indian Rhinos, Swamp Deer, wild boar, leopard, and tigers.